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Country's Decision or any other Communication
Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2021-02-26 15:00 UTC (hana.jirakova@mzp.cz)
Date of publication
2021-02-26 15:00 UTC (hana.jirakova@mzp.cz)

General information
Country submitting the decision or communication
  • Czech Republic
Competent National Authority(ies) responsible for the decision or communication
Ministry of the Environment
Vrsovicka 65
Czech Republic, 10010
Phone:+420 267 122 066
Fax:+420 267 310 013
Url:Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic
Title / Reference number of the decision or communication
Decision on the deliberate release of genetically modified plum trees with the inserted coat protein gene of Plum pox virus into the environment in the Czech Republic
Date of the decision
Is the decision taken prior to entry into force of the Protocol?
  • Czech Republic
Is this an amendment to a previous decision / communication?
Decision or communication details
Subject(s) of the decision
  • Decision on LMOs for intentional introduction into the environment (according to Article 10 or domestic regulatory framework)
Was the decision triggered by a request for a transboundary movement of LMOs into the country?
Does the decision apply to transboundary movements of LMO(s) into the country?
Importer’s or Applicant’s contact details
Dr Petr Kominek
Crop Research Institute
Drnovská 507, 161 06
Praha 6 - Ruzyně
Czech Republic
Phone:+420 233 022 442
Url:Crop Research Institute
Result of the decision
  • Approval of the import and/or use of the LMO(s) with conditions
The genetically modified organism above mentioned shall be used only in the way described in the application submitted to the Ministry of the Environment (hereinafter "MoE") on October 5, 2006, and supplemented with a submission delivered to MoE on December 21, 2006, and only when keeping all given conditions especially as follows:
- Every handling with the genetically modified material shall be under conditions minimising a possibility of transgene escape into the environment.
- To minimise possible spread of the transgene through seeds all the fruits shall be harvested even before getting mature. Nevertheless, monitoring of the possible transgene escape into the environment shall be carried out by testing wild plants of plums, sloes and myrobalans.
- In laboratory analyses of plant samples (leaves, bark) - ELISA, RT-PCR tests - it must be taken into account that the taken samples have no ability to propagate or transmit the genetic material, and therefore every handling with them is not considered as the use of GMOs under
§ 3 par. 2 of the Act. However, fruits must be handled in a way preventing the possible spread of the transgene, for example a thermal inactivation thereof. Surplus parts of samples from an analysis shall be autoclaved, which is a standard process of handling with quarantine organisms in the Virology Departments of the Crop Research Institute despite a minimal possibility of spreading these organisms. Other plant remains that could be under certain conditions capable to propagate and transmit a heritable material, it means lignified sprouts that can be used as scions, shall be removed by their burning down directly at the field trial site, and the ash shall be put in the soil on the spot.

- The assessment of the field trial shall be carried out every year during a vegetation season from April to August. The assessment will proceed with the use of DAS-ELISA and RT-PCR methods. Laboratory tests shall be performed with three leaf samples.
- The plant material shall be transported in the contained space of a transportation vehicle under the supervision of a responsible person. All staff getting into touch with GM plums shall be trained by a professional consultant every year on rules for the use of GMOs. The samples could be transferred from the site of the field trial only for purpose of a laboratory analysis (see above). Laboratory analysis of taken GM plum samples shall be performed in laboratories of the Crop Research Institute (CRI), a phytotron, ground-floor, door No. 004B 005.
- According to the opinion of the Bee Research Institute it is necessary to keep the distance 1000 m between the transgenic plum trees and other plum trees in order to prevent the spread of transgene into the environment, which has been ensured. Moreover, at the flowering time no bee colonies can occur 700 m apart from transgenic plants, which has been controlled and met.
- After the field trial is finished, the transgenic trees shall be torn out and incinerated on the spot. The plot shall be deeply ploughed and monitored for possible occurrence of young shoots or plum saplings following two years. These pertinent young shoots shall be destroyed chemically with the total herbicide or mechanically.

- The authorised person must whenever during the use of GMOs provide with samples of given genetically modified organism or its genetic material on request of the Ministry of the Environment or a laboratory according to § 28 par. 1 f) of the Act.
To comply with the Czech National Act on the Use of GMOs and Genetic Products
Does the decision involve field trials?
Does the decision involve commercial release?
LMO identification
ARS-PLMC5-6 - Plum Tree modified for resistance to Plum pox virus
Dr. Ralf Scorza Resistance to antibiotics - Kanamycin Resistance to diseases and pests - Viruses Selectable marker genes and reporter genes
Show detection method(s)
Risk assessment
Deliberate release (small-scaled field trial) of genetically modified plum plum cv. Stanley clone C-5 containing the coat protein gene of Plum pox virus
ARS-PLMC5-6 - Plum Tree modified for resistance to Plum pox virus
Dr. Ralf Scorza

Resistance to antibiotics - Kanamycin
Resistance to diseases and pests - Viruses
Selectable marker genes and reporter genes
Decision document