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Modified Organism
MON-Ø1445-2 - Roundup Ready™ cotton
Record information and status
Record ID
Date of creation
2006-06-05 14:40 UTC (kirsty.mclean.consultant@cbd.int)
Date of last update
2014-01-22 20:53 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)
Date of publication
2014-01-22 20:53 UTC (dina.abdelhakim@cbd.int)

Living Modified Organism identity
The image below identifies the LMO through its unique identifier, trade name and a link to this page of the BCH. Click on it to download a larger image on your computer. For help on how to use it go to the LMO quick-links page.

LMO name
Roundup Ready™ cotton
Transformation event
1445 (MON1445)
Unique identifier
800 North Lindbergh Blvd.
St. Louis, MO
United States of America, 63167
Phone:+ 1 314 694-1000
Fax:+1 314 694-3080
Cotton line 1445 was genetically engineered to express resistance to glyphosate, the active ingredient in the herbicide Roundup®, allowing for its use as a weed control option. In order to obtain field tolerance to glyphosate herbicide, a bacterial gene encoding a glyphosate-tolerant form of the enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) was introduced into the cotton genome by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation.
Recipient Organism or Parental Organisms
The term Recipient organism refers to an organism (either already modified or non-modified) that was subjected to genetic modification, whereas Parental organisms refers to those that were involved in cross breeding or cell fusion.
Gossypium hirsutum - Cotton
Point of collection or acquisition of the recipient organism
Variety: Coker 312
Related LMOs
MON-89383-1 - Roundup Ready™ cotton
Resistance to antibiotics - Kanamycin Resistance to herbicides - Glyphosate
Show detection method(s)
Characteristics of the transformation process
Techniques used for the modification
  • Agrobacterium-mediated DNA transfer
Genetic elements construct
FMV 34S promoter
0.57 Kb
Chloroplast transit peptide 2
0.23 Kb
5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase gene
1.36 Kb
rbcS-E9 gene terminator
0.63 Kb
CaMV 35S promoter
0.32 Kb
Neomycin Phosphotransferase II
0.79 Kb
Nopaline Synthase Gene Terminator
0.26 Kb
Further details
Notes regarding the genetic elements introduced or modified in this LMO
Information on the inserted DNA sequences
Molecular characterization demonstrates that one T-DNA insert was integrated into the cotton genome to produce cotton 1445.  The insert contains the CoMV promoter region, a codon optimised cp4epsps coding sequence, nptII, aad (that is not expressed in plants) and a portion of ori-V coding regions.

Vector information
The plasmid vector PV-GHGT07 contains well characterized DNA segments required for selection and replication of the plasmid in the bacteria as well as a right border for initiating the region of T-DNA,  into the plant genomic DNA. The plant expression vectors were assembled, transformed in E. coli and mated into the ABI Agrobacterium strain by the triparental conjugation system using the helper plasmid pRK2013. The binary ABI strain contains the disarmed (lacking the T-DNA phytohormone genes) pTiC58 plasmid pMP90RK in a choramphenicol-resistant derivative of the A. tumefaciens strain A208. The disarmed pMP90RK Ti plasmid does not carry the T-DNA phytohormone genes and is unable to grow the crown gall disease.
LMO characteristics
Modified traits
Common use(s)
  • Food
  • Feed
Detection method(s)
Additional information
Coding sequences of the EPSPS gene was altered for optimal expression in plants.
Additional Information
Additional Information
The EPSPS enzyme is present in all plants, bacteria, and fungi, and is part of an important biochemical pathway called the shikimate pathway, which is involved in the production of aromatic amino acids and other aromatic compounds. When conventional cotton plants are treated with glyphosate, the plants cannot produce the aromatic amino acids needed to grow and survive. EPSPS is not present in mammals, birds or aquatic life forms, which do not synthesize their own aromatic amino acids. For this reason, glyphosate has little toxicity to these organisms. The EPSPS enzyme is naturally present in foods derived from plant and microbial sources.
Other relevant website address or attached documents

Records referencing this document (57)
57record(s) found
Country's Decision or any other Communication26 records
Modified Organism4 records
Organization10 records
Risk Assessment17 records